Biomechanics examines the forces acting upon the body. As an applied science, the integration of biological structures, mechanical analysis and movement is necessary to provide insight and understanding of motion.

Forensic Biomechanics characterizes the response of the human body to external forces, specifically the kinetics, kinematics and injury mechanisms involved. In-vehicle crashes, occupant dynamics, restraint system usage and effectiveness and external forces are considered to determine injury thresholds and mechanisms.

Human Factors is a multidisciplinary field that combines engineering analysis with the study of how human performance can be influenced by cognitive, perceptual, spatial, temporal and other human tendencies. This is applicable to human behavior in situations such as driver perception/reaction time, slip-trips and falls and recreational sporting activities. Every accident involves some form of human response and behavior to that specific situation. We examine various aspects of human capabilities such as visibility, attention and memory in accidents, lighting perception and assessment of perceptual and cognitive performance as part of a comprehensive forensic analysis.

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